**Hint:**You can adjust the default video playback speed in your account settings.

**Hint:**You can set your subtitle preferences in your account settings.

**Sorry!**Looks like there’s an issue with video playback 🙁 This might be due to a temporary outage or because of a configuration issue with your browser. Please see our video player troubleshooting guide to resolve the issue.

# Processing Tuple-Based Iterables With starmap()

**00:00**
In this lesson, we’re going to jump right into the code and talk about the `starmap()`

function, which, as you’ll see, is very similar to the `map()`

function.

**00:10**
Let me show you a motivating example to illustrate when you would want to use the `starmap()`

function. Let’s suppose that you have some function called `max_abs()`

and it’s going to take an *x*- and a *y*-coordinate, and it’s simply going to return the maximum of the absolute value of `x`

and the absolute value of `y`

. In other words, it’s just going to return the maximum magnitude of the `x`

and `y`

values. Now, maybe you’re working with points and these points come to you specified in an *x*- and a *y*-coordinates list. So here’s the list of *x*-coordinates,

**00:49**
and that’s a list of *y*-coordinates. The idea is that you’re working with a set of points in the 2D plane, and those points are specified by a list of *x*- and *y*-coordinates, so each first element of those two lists specifies one point and then the second elements of the two lists specify a second point, and so on.

**01:10**
And so if you wanted to know what the maximum magnitude is between the points specified by these lists, you would simply call the `map()`

function with the `max_abs()`

function that we’ve defined, using the iterables as the *x*-coordinates and the *y*-coordinates. Let’s save the return value of `map()`

as the variable `b`

and then let’s just see this as a list, just so that we can see that all is working well. So yeah, for that point specified by coordinates `1.3`

and `-4.2`

the maximum magnitude of those two coordinates is `4.2`

.

**01:48**
And for this second point with *x*-coordinate `-2.7`

and *y*- `9.8`

, the maximum magnitude is `9.8`

. So, nothing new here. This is, of course, a good application if you’ve got points that come to you with *x*- and *y*-coordinates separately, then you would go ahead and just, say, use the `map()`

function if you wanted to find the maximum magnitudes.

**02:12**
All right, so here are those *x*-coordinates again and here are the *y*-coordinates. But what if the points that you were working with already came to you or already were constructed as a list containing tuples, and each tuple containing the *x*- and *y*-coordinates? So in other words, if these lists, *x*-coordinates and *y*-coordinates, if they were pre-zipped to create this list of tuples.

**02:42**
So if we try to use the `map()`

function with the `max_abs()`

function as the first positional argument, we’re going to get an error.

**02:49**
If we try to call `map()`

with `max_abs`

and the iterable only being the `points`

list, if we try to create a list out of this so that the iterator starts yielding values, let’s see what’s going to happen.

**03:04**
We’re going to get an error because `max_abs()`

is missing one required positional argument. Each of these tuples in the `points`

list is considered one argument being passed into `max_abs()`

and `max_abs()`

takes an `x`

and a `y`

.

**03:18**
Well, we can fix this of course. Let me clear this up. We could create a new function, and maybe we’ll call it `star_max_abs()`

, and it’s going to take a point—a tuple—consisting of an *x*- and a *y*-coordinate.

**03:35**
And all it will do is return the value of `max_abs()`

by unpacking the tuple `p`

so that `max_abs()`

receives an `x`

and a `y`

value. Or in other words, `p`

is going to be containing a tuple consisting of an *x* and a *y*, and the star operator, or the unpacking operator (`*`

), is going to unpack the tuple and feed it in two positional arguments into `max_abs()`

.

**04:02**
So now let’s try running what we had before, except now with the `star_max_abs()`

function and passing in the `points`

list. And let’s create the list all in one go. And run that, and then this works just like we had before.

**04:21**
So, the `starmap()`

function is essentially there to save you this step of creating this extra function that will unpack the tuples or the elements in the `points`

iterable. So, let me clear that up and let’s import the `starmap()`

function. It’s contained in the `itertools`

module, so from the `itertools`

module, let’s import the `starmap()`

function.

**04:47**
The `starmap()`

function takes on two positional arguments. It’s going to be a function, and that is the function that we want to map, and we want to map the function at every element returned by the iterable.

**05:00**
And again, the idea is that the function is going to take in, say, *N* positional arguments and each of the elements that are yielded by the iterable is going to be itself an iterable that unpacks to *N* arguments that can be fed into the function.

**05:17**
So, let me show you how that’s going to work with the example that we’re working with. Again, remember, we’ve got this `max_abs()`

function. It takes on two positional arguments.

**05:29**
We’ve got our `points`

list, which contains the *x*- and the *y*-coordinates all packed in, or zipped, as `(x, y)`

tuples.

**05:39**
And so we can directly call the `starmap()`

function using the `max_abs()`

function, and the iterable is `points`

. If we go ahead and create this list just to see that we get the exact same thing as before, all right, we see that we do indeed get the `4.2`

, `9.8`

, and so on.

**06:01**
So, the `starmap()`

function is there for when you have a function—in this case, it was `max_abs()`

for us—that takes on an *N* number of positional arguments and you want to map that function at every element of a list or some iterable where each element of the iterable is itself an iterable that yields the same number of values expected by the function that you want to use `map()`

with. All right, so this is a nice way to save yourself from either having to write your own unpacking function. `starmap()`

will do that for you.

**06:39**
All right, so this ends this quick lesson on the `starmap()`

function. Again, very similar to the `map()`

function. The main application is when you want to map a function at every element of an iterable and the elements of the iterable are already zipped up and written as either a tuple or a list or any other type of iterable, and those are the values that you’re passing in to the function that you’re mapping. All right! In the next lesson, we’ll take a quick look at how you can replace some of these functional programming tools like the `map()`

function and the `filter()`

and `reduce()`

function by using some of the built-in features of the Python language like list comprehensions and generator expressions.

Become a Member to join the conversation.