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Handling the Success Case With else

00:00 In the previous lesson, you learned how to use a tryexcept block to handle your exceptions, and in this lesson, you will learn about an additional keyword you can add to this tryexcept block, which is the else keyboard.

00:13 This executes when no exception was raised in the tryexcept block.

00:20 Keep in mind that you can have multiple except statements inside of a tryexcept block. Currently, you only have one, and it’s already got a nice error printed out. And now if you run the macos_interaction(), there’s no exception that happens and you only see these two statements.

00:40 But if you run the linux_interaction() on a Mac system, you will see that the WrongOsError gets raised, but then also handled—gets caught—by this except statement and then this code in here happens. But so what happens if you add this else statement here? You want to print out, say,

01:08 "No problem, work done." The code in this else block is only going to execute if no error was raised, so if I run it with Linux, you’re going to see it’s not going to run at all, but if I switch back to macOS, then no exception, the WrongOsError, or no other exception is going to get raised, and then the code inside of the else block here is going to execute as well.

01:38 Now, what do you want to do in here? For example, you could go ahead and open up the logging file and read it, because all of the important macOS work got successfully done, so let’s look at what happened there. So I’m going to open up a logging file

02:00 and then read it and print it to the console.

02:09 Okay. That’s going to be interesting, right? We want to know what was the work that happened, so if I go ahead and run this,

02:18 I get a FileNotFoundError. And of course, you get that because you don’t have this file.log. There was no logging that you implemented, so Python can’t find this file that you’re trying to open, and this is an example of a built-in exception that Python raises for you.

02:34 This one is called FileNotFoundError. You see it’s quite similar to the custom one that you built or some of the other exceptions you saw earlier, and this one specifically tells you that you attempted to do something with a file that Python couldn’t find. Now, in the next lesson, you’ll learn how you can handle a built-in exception and you’re also going to take a look at which ones exist.

02:57 But to sum up this part with the else statement, essentially, you can add it to a tryexcept block and you can write some code in there that’s only going to run if no exception was raised anywhere in the tryexcept block. All right, and in the next lesson, you’ll handle this pesky FileNotFoundError with another tryexcept block inside of your tryexcept block.

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