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String Slicing

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In the previous lesson, you saw how you could access individual characters in a string using indexing. In this lesson, you’ll learn how to expand that syntax to extract substrings from a string. This technique is known as string slicing. You’ll practice with the standard syntax, and learn how omitting the first or last index extends the slice. You’ll also learn how to specify a stride in a string slice by using a third index.

Here are some string slicing examples:

>>>
>>> s = 'mybacon'
>>> s[2:5]
'bac'
>>> s[2:7]
'bacon'
>>> s[0:2]
'my'

You can omit the first or last index:

>>>
>>> s = 'mybacon'
>>> s[:2]
'my'
>>> s[:5]
'mybac'

>>> s[2:]
'bacon'
>>> s[2:len(s)]

>>> s[:2] + s[2:]
'mybacon'
>>> s[:]
'mybacon'

>>> t = s[:]
>>> t
'mybacon'

>>> id(s)
4380975712
>>> id(t)
4380975712
>>> s == t
True
>>> s is t
True

>>> s[2:2]
''
>>> s[4:2]
''

Here’s some negative index slicing:

>>>
>>> s = 'mybacon'
>>> s[-5:-1]
'baco'
>>> s[2:6]
'baco'

Here’s how to slice with a stride:

>>>
>>> s = 'mybacon'
>>> s[0:7:2]
'mbcn'
>>> s[1:7:2]
'yao'
>>> s = '12345' * 5
>>> s
'1234512345123451234512345'
>>> s[::5]
'11111'
>>> s[4::5]
'55555'
>>> s[::-5]
'55555'
>>> s[::-1]
'5432154321543215432154321'

>>> s = 'tacocat'
>>> s == s[::-1]
True
>>> s[::-1]
'tacocat'

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